For its lead in earning its independence in the 1950s to democratization in the fourth republic in 1992 made possible by Jerry John Rawlings’ military regime, Ghana is seen as the beacon of hope of Africa. Peace has reigned since Ghana transitioned from a junta regime to democracy and it has not been merely a coincidence.
People across Africa are admiring how the opposition leader is not being arrested. How blood is not being spilt. And violence is not rampant amid presidential elections.
In fact, on December 4, the two main contenders signed a truce promising to be peaceful through the elections and do their best to maintain the peace the country enjoys.
Highlight Worth Incidence Since 1992
- In the 1992 November presidential election, the NPP as a party thought the presidential election was rigged, hence, decided not to partake in December 1992 parliamentary elections. By way of resisting what they called oppression, they boycotted it peaceably by not filing for nominations. That was just the inception of the Fourth Republic.
- In the year 1996, the NPP partook in the parliamentary elections and won a number of seats though it was a minority in parliament. It had then claimed that it did not agree with the Electoral Commission on its judgment but there was no bloodbath.
- In 2000, the ruling NDC party led by John Evans Atta Mills lost the elections to NPP, in a show of statesmanship, the ruling party accepted the results of the elections and handed over power to the NPP led by President John Agyekum Kufuor.
- In 2004, elections were held and the incumbent NPP won, in a peaceful manner the maintained power until the next election.
- In 2008, the ruling NPP led by Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo lost the elections to the opposition NDC led by John Evans Atta Mills. Power again peacefully exchanged hands between NPP and NDC.
In 2012, after the elections, the NPP and its presidential candidate, Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo accused John Mahama, who took the mantle of the presidency after the demise of President John Evans Atta Mills, of stealing the elections for himself. In a democratic manner, they took it to the supreme court. After 8 month-long case hearing, the court ruled in favor of the incumbent president, John Dramani Mahama. In his response to the verdict, then-candidate Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo said he disagreed with the court but he tooks its verdict in good faith.
With this background, it is clear that in Ghana, we agree to disagree without violence.